The dominant plant over most of the Reserve is Grey box, Eucalyptus microcarpa, and together with understorey plants it determines the main vegetation type of the Reserve – ‘Grey Box Grassy Woodland’, a nationally threatened plant community.
Woodland vegetation is defined by trees with large canopies relative to their height that are spaced far enough apart so as to not overlap one another. ‘Box’ is a term for a type of rough bark comprising short, interlaced fibrous strands which extends up the trunk and major branches. It is characteristic of a group of Eucalypts that prefer heavy clay or loam soils. In favourable conditions Grey box can reach 25m in height.
More than 213 species (202 confirmed) of native plants have been recorded in Waite Conservation Reserve and six of these are listed as rare or threatened in South Australia. Despite a history of extensive grazing, the Reserve’s flora still includes 22 native orchid species, mostly from the more intact areas.
Download a complete plant list prepared by Dr Peter Lang, Senior Botanist, State Herbarium of SA, Botanic Gardens and State Herbarium, Department for Environment and Water. This plant list was last updated on 29 Feb 2020.
In November 2008, a nine-day intensive survey of mammals, birds, reptiles and frogs was conducted in the Reserve.
The survey was designed to sample each of the 14 vegetation communities. The combined labour of 44 Friends and others resulted in 2,800 trap/nights and 170 hours of targeted searches.
Download the Mammal checklist.
82 species of birds have been recorded in the Waite Conservation Reserve. Download the Bird checklist.
Are you a keen birdwatcher? You can participate in our Bird monitoring project.
Reptiles and Frogs
Download the Herpetology checklist.
Download the Butterflies checklist.
Download the Jewel beetle checklist.
See article on Jewel beetles of the reserve.