Prostate Cancer Action Group S.A. Inc  

Proudly Affiliated With

Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia


About Prostate Cancer




The Basics of Prostate Cancer

Statistics on Cancer deaths, costing to developing cures or treatments

Study done on the profile of cancers


The Prostate is a small gland about the size of walnut

found only in men.


The Basics of Prostate Cancer

The Prostate


The prostate is a small gland about the size of walnut found only in men.


It sits just below the bladder and surrounds the urethra (the tube that takes the urine from the bladder through the penis).


Prostate cancer is a malignant growth in the prostate gland.



Prostate Cancer


Prostate Cancer is a significant health issue and one that engenders major concerns from those recently diagnosed as well as their associated friends and family members. With prostate cancer there is not always a right or wrong management path to follow.

Men with prostate cancer have their own perspective on how they wish their lives to be influenced by the management of this sometimes very slow growing and sometimes apparently quite aggressive disease. The exact cause of prostate cancer is not known, therefore prevention is not possible.


Prostate cancer is a major disease in most countries and world wide research is attempting to understand and treat the cancer more effectively.


In general, the things that most influence the type of treatment of the cancer will be the extent of the cancer, in particular whether it is localised to the prostate or has spread to other parts of the body, such as the bones.

If there is a high probability that the cancer is localised to the prostate there are three options:

If the cancer is not localised to the prostate, then surgery or radiotherapy is no longer the most appropriate treatment, as it is necessary to try to influence the cancer cells, which have spread to other sites in the body. Prostate cancer, like the normal prostate, basically responds to male hormones. The normal treatment is to reduce the level of male hormones which in turn will slow down the growth of the cancer which in turn can control but not eradicate the disease. When the cancer is found to have spread, hormonal therapy has a good chance of significantly prolonging and improving quality of life.

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Statistics on Cancer deaths, costing to developing cures or treatments

Apart from non-melanoma skin cancer, cancer of the prostate is the most common diagnosed cancer among South Australian males. Primarily a disease of older men, prostate cancer is rarely found in men under 50 years of age. In South Australia there were 947 cases diagnosed in 1999 and 260 deaths from the disease.

The lifetime risk of a man being diagnosed with prostate cancer is about 10% and of dying from the cancer about 3%. The incidence and mortality rate for prostate cancer is almost the same as those for breast cancer.

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Study done on the profile of cancers

Within the prostate there can be up to ten different types of cancer, which make treatment of the disease difficult and challenging.

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Disclaimer Clause - This Group, either as a Group or individually, does not treat or prescribe for any human disease, and is not a provider of professional advice. Nor does it purport to act as a provider of any professional advice. If any man has concerns about his prostate health, he should consult a health professional. The Group acts as a means of creating an awareness of prostate health, and encourages men to take a more proactive interest in their overall health situation, by promoting stimulation for independent thought and analysis.

The group does not recommend any particular treatment or product, and stresses that it is important that any person should consult his/her health professional before making any decision about any treatments.

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